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雅思阅读中的信号词

2017-06-15 09:50:43 编辑:无 浏览:(563次)

  雅思考试与其他考试最大的区别是注重细节考察.这一点尤其体现在雅思阅读和雅思听力中.针对雅思阅读,语句间的细节往往是做题的关键,这里常常潜伏着不同考点.针对这些内容,我给大家分享一篇文章.

  根据剑桥的出题思路和模式,信号词是常常和考点有密切的联系.

  (一)传统信号词

  一、 顺接和递进

  例词:also, furthermore, moreover, what is more, in addition…

  考点:And Western scientists are starting to draw on this wisdom…

  解析:And 在这句话开头,有一定的递进含义, this wisdom则是指代了前面一句话出现的their wealth of traditional knowledge(因纽特人传统的知识),所以这两句话有紧密的联系,同学们在读题的时候要通过发现信号词,然后发散地看它的前后句,最后把考点考察的意思补充完整.

  二、 对比和转折

  例词:however, but, although, nevertheless, on the other hand, by comparison…

  考点:However, we believe that credit must be extended in association with other types of support that help participants develop critical life skills as well as productive businesses.

  题目中出现了conclude的字眼,总结段落一般是在文章的最后,然而带有转折信号词however 这句话,显然就是文章的考点所在.

  三、 相似

  例词:similarly, in other words, that is, put another way…

  考点:In other words, we became aware of the obvious fact that there were "limits to growth"

  解析:In other words 是解释,换一种说法,通常会以更加简单易懂,清晰的话语陈述出难点,常常难点是考点出没的地方.

  四、 时间先后

  例词:firstly, second, next, then, now, later, since, eventually, finally…

  考点:Three factors are involved in this change. First is an awareness of the severity of the problem. Second, a number of resources to help tackle bullying have become available in Britain…Third, there is evidence that these materials work, and that schools can achieve something.

  解析:段落结构很清楚,主要是因为有表达顺序的信号词First、second、third,让我们认识这段是在讲,侍强凌弱这种现象已经开始改变,主要是从三个方面入手:意识、资源、监督.这种发展让学校有了更多的方法和有效途径解决存在的问题.这里的First、second、third提示我们三个方面,同时也是一个发展的过程.

  五、 排列次序

  例词:another, the second, the most, the best…

  考点:Most important of all, the traditional measures of "risk", such as parents' age and education, or whether they were a single parent, bore little or no relationship to the measures of achievement and language development.

  解析:most important of all 强调了最重要的事情,也就是文中比较重要的结论要出炉了.Single parents是题目中的关键词,同样在这一句里出现了,我们可以利用对信号词的敏感度,快速抓住文章的考点,进行局部精读.

  六、强调作用

  例词:in fact, in essence, in particular, emphasize…

  考点:This, in essence, is the problem of modern sociobiology- to discover the degree to which hard-wired genetic programming dictates…

  解析:信息包含题考察细节是在那个段落出现,在做此类题目时,要注意信号词与考点的密切相关性,从而迅速找准答案.这里出现了in essence (实质上),起了一定的强调作用,迅速扫读后,发现同时出现了题目关键词sociobiology, 破折号后面的介词to是表目的与题目中的the general aim of一致对应.

  七、 因果关系

  例词:as, because, since, lead to, as a result, result in, consequently, therefore, thus, the cause of…

  考点:The fourth question concerned the causes of the destruction of rainforests. Perhaps encouragingly, more than half of the pupils (59%) identified that it is human activities, which are destroying rainforests…

  解析:这道简答题的文本题就是问the reason for the loss of rainforests,所以我们可以同通过原因信号词,判断考点的方位.

  八、 举例子和说明

  例词:for example, for instance, that is to say, i.e., such as, including…

  考点: Other substances were then introduced: including fillers, such as wood flour, asbestos or cotton…

  解析:我们看到such as后面是举例子,such as 后面的例子可以作为定位词,wood flour, asbestos, cotton就是fillers的其中一种.Fillers 在这里就是一个概括性的词语,常常是考点.

  信号词与考点是一对好朋友,所以常常信号词出现的地方,考点都会在它的附近埋伏着,要留心哦!同时,要掌握每一类信号词对文章段落的结构起的作用和意义,这样有利于我们对段落主旨、上下句关系快速的判断,帮助解题.下一篇,将为各位烤鸭介绍雅思阅读中的非传统信号词.